Study from Durham University which is the most comprehensive review ever produced on the academic characteristics and social impacts of the remaining 164 grammar schools in England.
- Only 17 of the England’s 100 most socially selective schools are grammar schools.
- 54 of the 100 most socially selective schools are Voluntary Aided schools (in control of their own admissions policies), which make up 17 in 100 schools nationally; 54 out of the 100 are faith schools, compared with 18 in 100 nationally.
- The five most socially selective schools in England have Free School Meal rates below 5%, despite rates of around 35% or higher in the local areas from which they draw pupils.
- Comparing the test results of the schools’ intakes with other pupils in the same neighbourhoods, 50 non-grammar schools are more academically selective than the least academically selective grammar school in the country. Of these 50 non-grammar schools, almost half (24) are faith schools.
- Considering the top quarter of academic performing pupils at age 11, in grammar schools just under 2% of these pupils are on Free School Meals, compared with 5.5% of high performing FSM pupils in non-selective schools.
- Across England as a whole, one third of the wards in the country (33%) contain at least one pupil who attends one of England’s 164 remaining grammar schools.
- 80 out of the country’s 150 Local Authorities have more than 1% of the pupils who live in their area attending grammar schools, compared with only 36 Local Authorities that actually have grammar schools.
- 161 schools (5% of non-selective schools nationally) lose more than 20% of their
potential pupils to grammar schools.
- Schools that lose pupils to grammar schools are not performing academically any
differently from other schools with similar characteristics.
- On average pupils in grammar schools achieve between zero and three-quarters of GCSE grade per subject more than similar pupils in non-selective schools. Different values of this estimate arise from different, but equally plausible, statistical models and assumptions, so it is hard to be more precise than this.
- The research suggests that grammar school students take subjects that are on average
about a tenth of a GCSE grade harder than pupils in other schools.