• The proportion of senior leaders reporting cuts to trips and outings has more than doubled since last year.
  • More than two-thirds (71%) of senior leaders report difficulties with recruiting teachers this year.
  • 2 in 5 heads report using their pupil premium funding to plug gaps in their general budgets.

63% of school senior leaders report having to cut teaching assistants and half report cutting trips this year, according to new polling released today. The survey of 1,428 teachers, conducted by the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) for the Sutton Trust as part of their Teacher Voice Omnibus Survey, reveals a sharp increase in cuts to a range of activities in schools, along with difficulties in recruiting teachers.

The proportion of senior leaders reporting that they have cut trips and outings has more than doubled since last year, at 50% compared to 21% in last year’s survey. Schools in the most disadvantaged areas were more likely to be impacted by cuts to trips, with 68% of leaders in the most deprived schools reporting cuts, compared to 44% in the least deprived.

Those reporting cuts to teaching assistants has increased from 42% in 2022 to 63% this year. As well as teaching assistants and trips, senior leaders report having to cut IT equipment (42%), support staff (40%) and sports and extracurricular activities (26%), all at higher rates than last year (full comparisons can be found in the notes to editors). In secondaries, senior leaders also report increased cuts to subject choice. At GCSE, a quarter are reporting cuts to subject choices available, up from 17% last year. Similarly, a quarter (24%) report cuts to A-Level subjects compared to 16% last year.

Today’s polling also reveals that 71% of senior leaders report difficulties in recruiting teachers this year, with a quarter (26%) saying they had faced difficulties to a great extent. This highlights that there has been no major improvement in the challenges faced by schools in recruiting teachers since 2019, when 70% reported difficulties.

The polling also highlights that 2 in 5 (41%) primary and secondary senior leaders report using their pupil premium – funding given to schools to support poorer pupils – to plug gaps in their general budget. This has increased from 33% in 2022 and is the highest figure since the Trust began publishing polling on the issue in 2017, suggesting that schools are struggling to meet rising costs.

As schools continue to deal with the cost-of-living crisis and ongoing impacts of the pandemic, the Sutton Trust has called for increased investment in schools.

Carl Cullinane, Director of Research and Policy at the Sutton Trust, said:

“Today’s polling paints a deeply concerning picture of our schools. In the midst of a cost-of-living crisis and the continuing impacts of the pandemic, schools are having to cut essential staff and activities for pupils.

“Funding for poorer pupils through the pupil premium is more important than ever in the context of these pressures. It is deeply concerning that increasing numbers of schools report having to use their pupil premium funding to plug budget gaps. It is vital that this funding is used to narrow the gaps in progress that have opened alarmingly in the wake of the pandemic.

“The government must urgently review the funding given to schools, particularly those in the most deprived areas, in light of these trends.

“It is also vital that the government does not lose sight of the importance of education recovery, and should urgently increase investment to ensure that no pupils are left behind.”


  • The Sutton Trust was founded by Sir Peter Lampl in 1997 to improve social mobility in Britain.  The Trust has influenced government policy on more than 30 occasions; its programmes have to date given 50,000 young people the opportunity to change their lives; and it has published over 250 pieces of agenda-setting research.
  • The National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) is the leading independent provider of education research. The NFER runs Teacher Voice Omnibus Surveys three times a year, in the autumn, spring and summer terms. The robust survey achieves responses from over 1,000 practising teachers from schools in the publicly funded sector in England. The panel is representative of teachers from the full range of roles in primary and secondary schools, from head teachers to newly qualified class teachers. 1,428 practising teachers in the publicly funded sector in England completed the survey online between the 10th – 15th March 2023.
  • Percentage of senior leaders reporting cuts in 2022 and 2023:
Areas cut: 2022 2023
Teaching assistants 42% 63%
Trips and outings 21% 50%
IT equipment 27% 42%
Sports and other extracurricular activities 15% 26%
Support staff 33% 40%

Media enquiries

If you're a journalist with a question about our work, get in touch with Sam or Rocky on 0204 536 4642. This number is also monitored out of hours.

E: [email protected] T: 020 7802 1660

Keep up to date with the latest news