This study by Philip Kirby compares tuition funding arrangements, debt at graduation and earnings outcomes for full-time domestic undergraduates in eight Anglophone countries: the UK (England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland), United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It finds that, for the typical student, average debts are the highest for English students.
- The BIS select committee should monitor HE funding, especially its effect on disadvantaged pupils, including mature and part-time students whose enrolment rates have dropped significantly in recent years
- There needs to be greater coordination between UK governments on HE policy, given its complexity and variance, fostered by regular meetings between representatives of each
- The OBR should investigate whether the current student loan system offers value for money to both the student and taxpayer, especially given recent reforms announced in the 2015 budget and spending review
- Universities should spend at least 10% of their outreach budget on evaluating strategies that work best in widening participation