Eleanor Busby covers Sutton Trust latest research on highly able pupils in an article for the Independent.
Almost half of clever but disadvantaged students fail to secure the top GCSE grades, according to a new study from social mobility charity, The Sutton Trust.
Bright pupils from poorer backgrounds are more likely to fall behind their richer classmates by the time they get to Year 11, the report warned.
Action needs to be taken to combat this “wasted talent” and to ensure disadvantaged students who performed well in primary school are able to fulfil their potential later on in school, it said.
Poorer students are three times less likely to be in the top 10 per cent of students in English and maths at the end of primary school – with just four per cent of disadvantaged 11-year-olds considered to be high attainers at this age.
This compared with 13 per cent of non-disadvantaged children.
At GCSE, just 52 per cent of the disadvantaged high achievers at primary school secure at least five A*-A grades in England, compared with 72 per cent of their wealthier, equally clever, peers.
It means that if high-achieving disadvantaged pupils performed as well as high-achieving students overall, an extra 1,000 poor students would gain at least five A*-A grades each year, the study said.
The research also that disadvantaged high-attaining pupils are half as likely as high-achievers overall to enter a grammar school, concluding that in grammars, one in 17 of all high-attainers are from poorer backgrounds, compared with one in eight in comprehensive schools.
The Sutton Trust’s founder Sir Peter Lampl, said: “Too many talented young people from less well-off backgrounds gradually fall behind during their school career, as the barriers they face take a toll. It is therefore essential that we address this wasted talent.”
The study, which comes just weeks before teenagers learn their GCSE results, calls for Ofsted inspections to consider a school’s support for disadvantaged bright students and for GCSE scores for poor pupils with high prior attainment to be published in annual league tables.